According to Statistical Information on Nepalese Agriculture (2011/2012), 65.6% of Nepali population is involved in agriculture and is still suffering from food insecurity and starvation. Though many inventions, policies and efforts were made in order to improve Nepali citizens’ livelihoods, effective and significant results haven’t been yet appreciated.
Nepalese Brain drain migration
Nepal’s demographic condition reveals that in every development region of the country women’s population is slightly more than that of males, recording 51.5% and 48.5% respectively. Due to political instability, lack of employment and good education, the tiresome process of accessing agriculture loans, as well as poor allocation of trained and skilled manpower there is a great trend of brain drain migration.
Nepali women and men leave the country, especially those who live in rural areas, in order to earn and send money to their families, making count of old aged people and many women who rest more and more in their villages because of food insecurity. Women are most of the workforce in the country working for food and agriculture and serving as small holder family farmers. This elucidates their important role for the country and in agriculture.
Chadrawati Chaudhari is among those Nepalese women who are contributing to the earnings of their families through agricultural activities. She lives in the small town of Sunwal, where most of the women are still restricted to their daily household activities. Despite being mother of two children, she never gets tired of working in the fields from morning to evening. She has not only earned money to feed her family members, but also is able to save money in the local cooperatives for long term purpose.
Like Chandrawati, there are many women who are serving both for the family and for the society through agriculture production, despite our male-chauvinist society which mostly limits women for household works. Capacity and ability of women is still hidden. Trust and platform is what women need to demonstrate their abilities.
Nepal, an agricultural country with tremendous possibilities of farming now needs involvement of trained, skilled and technologically aware women to address the food problem of the country as its youth, already drained their great brain assets.
Training women in agriculture practices – Key to a sustainable Nepal
As 2/3rd of population is engaged in agriculture, and the trend of male migration to overseas outnumbered females’ numbers, most of the population who are engaging now in agriculture is women. This is why training women on the latest technologies of farming, modern and conservation agriculture practices, an appropriate use of chemicals and fertilizers, production of high value crops, and making them aware is key to build a resilient future in our country.
Women are second to none and they are prudent enough to work to give good result to their extent possible. This country needs more women like Chandrawatis working for agriculture that could in future address the food problem of the country and the globe.
Picture credit: Women in Agriculture, Ms. Chadrawati Chaudhari. by Ruby Tiwari.