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Consumers' perception and fruit quality of some Asimina triloba (L.) DUNAL genotypes

This abstract emerged as one of the outstanding research within the poster Session on Sustainable food systems and quality at the CASEE Scientific conference 2021. YPARD held a scientific competition that was tagged "Empowering young researchers of the Danube region in sustainable food systems" within the CASEE conference 2021.

The competition aimed to support the continued professional and personal growth of young professionals attending the CASEE Conference. The top three posters and the top three oral presentations related to sustainable food systems were selected. 

Enjoy reading the abstract!

Authors: I. Mihălcioiu, L. Iliescu, A. Tabacu, C. Mihai, A. Asănică, F. Stănică - USAMV Bucureşti, Romania, Bucharest, Romania. 

The objectives of this study are to present some data regarding some fruit’s quality parameters and the  customers’ perception on few pawpaw hybrid genotypes in different ripening stages. Asimina triloba hybrids  were cultivated in the experimental field established at the Faculty of Horticulture, within the University of  Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, in an organic orchard and all the determinations  and analyses were made at the Research Center for the Study of Food Quality and Agricultural Products  laboratories. The pawpaw fruits were harvested starting with the end of August – early September and  ended up at mid-October. After harvest, the fruits were preserved in cold storage, at 1-2°C and 90-95%  relative humidity. Fruits quality analyses were made in two different ripening stages: at harvest and after  three weeks cold storage. Different fruit characteristics were measured and evaluated: fruit size and weight,  soluble solids (SSC), glucose and fructose content, pulp color etc. The results showed important differences  between the two ripening stages of pawpaw fruits. The sensorial analyses were organized with different  age, gender and origin consumers, chosen to taste fresh fruit or three weeks cold stored pawpaw fruits. In  the tasting questionnaire costumers evaluated, by using 1 to 5 grades, fruits size, shape, pulp color, taste  and flavor. The obtained results showed that the fresh harvested fruits were easily accepted by the all  consumers, while the overripen fruits were appreciated only by some of them. During cold storage the taste  of the pawpaw fruit changes. While fresh picked fruits have an exotic taste similar to mango, pineapple and  banana, during storage, the taste changes into caramel or even coffee-like flavour. In addition to the exotic  taste and aroma, Asimina fruits are highly valued for their high content of vitamin A and C, mineral elements,  especially Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn and amino acids. All these inner properties of Asimina fruits have been highly  appreciated by consumers.

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Picture credit:Mihalcioiu Ioana-Mihaela